Reptiles and Amphibians of Georgia

Native And Introduced as of January 2006

Amphibians:

 

Frogs and Toads:

               

Bufonidae:

American Toad                        Bufo americanus

Fowlers Toad                          Bufo w. fowleri

Oak Toad                                 Bufo quercicus

Southern Toad                        Bufo terrestris

 

Hylidae:

Northern Cricket Frog         Acris crepitans

Southern Cricket Frog         Acris grylius

Bird Voiced Tree Frog         Hyla avivoca

Cope’s Gray Tree Frog         Hyla chrysoscelis

Green Tree Frog                     Hyla cinerea

Pine Woods Tree Frog         Hyla feloralis

Barking Tree Frog                   Hyla gratiosa

Squirrel Tree Frog                   Hyla squirella

Gray Tree Frog                       Hyla versicolor

Mountain Chorus Frog                Pseudacris brachyphona

Brimley’s Chorus Frog                Pseudacris brimleyi

Spring Peeper                         Pseudacris cricifer

Upland Chorus Frog                Pseudacris feriarum

Southern Chorus Frog                Pseudacris nigrita

Little Grass Frog                     Pseudacris ocularis

Ornate Chorus Frog                                Pseudacris ornate

 

Letodactylidea:

Greenhouse Frog                    Eleutherodactylus planirostris  **

                               

Microhylidae:

E. Narrowmouth Toad                Gastrophryne carolinesis

 

Pelobatidae:

E. Spadefoot Toad                  Scaphiopus holdbrookii

 

Ranidae:

Gopher Frog                            Rana capito

Bullfrog                                    Rana catesbeiana

Bronze Frog                            Rana c. clamitans

Green Frog                              Rana c. melanota

Pig Frog                                   Rana grylio

River Frog                               Rana hecksheri

S. Leopard Frog                      Rana sphenocephala

Wood Frog                              Rana slyvatica

Carpenter Frog                        Rana virgatipes

 

Salamanders:

                               

Ambystomatidae:

Flat-wood Salamander                Ambystoma cingulatum

Spotted Salamander                Ambystoma maculatum

Marbled Salamander                Ambystoma opacum

Mole Salamander                     Ambystoma talpoideum

Tiger Salamander                    Ambystoma tigrinum

 

Amphiumidae     

Two Toed Amphiuma                Amphiuma means

One Toed Amphiuma                Amphiuma pholeter               

 

Cryptobranchidae

Hellbender                               Cryptobranchus alleganiensis

                               

Plethodontidae

Green Salamander                  Aneides aeneus

Seepage Salamander                Desmognathus aeneus

Apalachicola Dusky Sal.                Desmognathus apalachicolae

S. Dusky Salamander                Desmognathus auriculatus

Seal Salamander                     Desmognathus monticola

Ocoee Dusky Salamander                Desmognathus o. ocoee

Black-belly Salamander                Desmognathus quadramaculatus

 

 

Brown-back Salamander                Eurcyea aquatica

S. Two-lined Salamander                Eurcyea cirrigera

Three-lined Salamander                 Eurcyea                guttolineata

Long-tailed Salamander                Eurcyea                longicauda

Cave Salamander                    Eurcyea                lucifuga

Dwarf Salamander                  Eurcyea quadridgitata

Blue Ridge Two-Lined Sal.                Eurcyea wilderae

Tenn. Cave  Salamander                Gyrinophilus palleucus

Spring Salamander                  Gyrinophilus porphyriticus

GA Blind Salamander                Haideotriton wallacei

Four-Toed Salamander                Hemidactylium scutatum

Chatt. Slimy Salamander                Plethodon Chattahoochee

Atlantic Slimy Salamander                Plethodon chlorobryonis

Northern Slimy Salamander                Plethodon glutinosus

S.E. Slimy Salamander                Plethodon grobmani

S. Graycheeck Salamander                Plethodon metcalfi

Ocmulgee Slimy Salamander                Plethodon ocmulgee

Pigeon Mountain Salamander                Plethodon petraeus

Savannah Slimy Salamander                Plethodon savannah

S. Redback Salamander                Plethodon serratus

Red-legged Salamander                 Plethodon shermani

S. Appalachian Salamander                Plethodon teyahalee

S.C. Slimy Salamander                Plethodon variolatus

S. Zigzag Salamander                 Plethodon ventralis

Webster’s Salamander                Plethodon websteri

Mud Salamander                     Pseudotriton montanus

Red Salamander                      Pseudotriton rubber

Many-lined Salamander                Stereochilus marginatus

 

Proteidae:

Waterdog                                                Necturus sp.

Mudpuppy                               Necturus maculosus

Dwarf Waterdog                     Necturus punctatus               

 

Salamandridae:

Striped Newt                           Notophthalmus perstriatus *

Red Spotted Newt                   Notophthalmus virdescens

 

Sirendae:

Dwarf Siren                            Pseudobrancus striatus

Lesser Siren                           Siren intermedia

Greater Siren                          Siren lacertian

 

Reptiles:

 Amphisbaenids:

 Amphisbaenidae:

Florida Worm Lizard                Rhineura floridana

 

Crocodylia:

 

Alligatoridae :

American Alligator                   Alligator mississippiensis

 

Lizards:

 

Anguidae:

Slender Glass Lizard                Ophisaurus attenuatus

Island Glass Lizard                 Ophisaurus compressus

Mimic Glass Lizard                  Ophisaurus mimicus

Eastern Glass Lizard                Ophisaurus ventralis

 

Gekkonidae:

Mediterranean Gecko                Hemidactylus turcicus **

 

Phrynosomatidae:

Green Anole                            Anolis carolinensis

Brown Anole                           Anolis sagrei

 

Scincidae:

Coal Skink                                Eumeces  anthracinus

Mole Skink                               Eumeces egregious

Five-lined Skink                       Eumeces fasciatus

S.E. Five-lined Skink                 Eumeces inexpectus

Broadhead Skink                     Eumeces laticeps

Ground Skink                           Scincella lateralis

 

Telidea:

Six-lined Racerunner           Cnemidophorus Aspidoscelis sexlineatus

 

Snakes:

 

Colubridae:

E. Worm Snake                        Carphophis a. amoenus

Midwest Worm Snake                Carphophis a. helenae

N. Scarlet Snake                     Cemophora c. copei

N. Black Racer                        Coluber c. constrictor

S. Black Racer                        Coluber c. priapus

N. Ringneck Snake                  Diadophis p. edwardsii

S. Ringneck Snake                  Diadophis p. punctatus

E. Indigo Snake                        Drymarchon corais *

Corn Snake                             Elaphe g. guttata

Black Rat Snake                      Elaphe o. obsolete

Gray Rat Snake                       Elaphe o. spilliodes

Yellow Rat Snake                   Elaphe o. quadrivittata           

E. Mud Snake                          Farancia a. abacura

W. Mudsnake                          Farancia abacura reinwardtii

Rainbow Snake                       Farancia erytrogramma

E. Hognose Snake                   Heterodon platyrhinos

S. Hognose Snake                  Heterodon simus

Mole Kingsnake                       Lampropeltis calligaster

Florida Kingsnake                    Lampropeltis g. floridana

Eastern Kingsnake                  Lampropeltis g. getula

Black Kingsnake                      Lampropeltis g. nigra

Scarlet Kingsnake                   Lampropeltis t. elapsoides

Eastern Milksnake                   Lampropeltis t. triangulum

E. Coachwhip                          Masticophis flagellum

Redbelly watersnake                Nerodia e. erythrogaster

Yellowbelly Watersnake                Nerodia e. flavigaster

Banded Watersnake                Nerodia f. fasciata

Florida Watersnake                 Nerodia f. pictiventris

Green Watersnake                  Nerodia floridana

Northern Watersnake                Nerodia s. sipedon

Midland Watersnake                Nerodia s. pleuralis

Brown Watersnake                 Nerodia taxispilota

Rough Green Snake                Opheodrys aestivus

N. Pine Snake                          Pituophis m. melanoleucus

S. Pine Snake                          Pituophis m. mugitus

Striped Crayfish Snake      Regina alleni

Glossy Crayfish Snake      Regina r. rigida

Gulf Crayfish Snake                      Regina r. sinacola

Queen Snake                          Regina septemvittata

Pine Woods Snake                  Rhadinea flavilata

Black Swamp Snake                Seminatrix p. pygaea

N. Brown Snake                      Storeria d. dekayi

Florida Brown Snake      Storeria d. victa

Midland Brown Snake      Storeria d. wrightorum

 

Florida Red-bellied Snake      Storeria o. obscura

Red-bellied Snake                   Storeria o. occipitomaculata

Florida Brown Snake      Storeria victa

S.E. Crowned Snake      Tantilla coronata

Peninsula Ribbon Snake                Thamnophis s. sackenii

E. Ribbon Snake                      Thamnophis s. sauritus

E. Garter Snake                       Thamnophis s. sirtalis

Rough Earth Snake                 Virginia striatula

E. Smooth Earth Snake      Virginia v. valeriae

 

Elapidae:

E. Coral Snake                         Micrurus f. fulvius

 

Viperidae:

S. Copperhead                        Akgistrodon c. contortix

N. Copperhead                        Akgistrodon c. mokasen

Florida Cottonmouth                Akgistrodon p. conanti

Western Cottonmouth                Akgistrodon p. leucostoma

Eastern Cottonmouth                Akgistrodon p. piscivorus

E. Diamondback Rattlesnake                Crotalus adamanteus

Canebrake Rattlesnake                Crotalus horridus

Timber Rattlesnake                 Crotalus horridus

Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake                Sistrurus m. barbouri

Carolina Pygmy Rattlesnake                 Sistrurus m. miliarius

 

Turtles

 

Chelonidae:

Loggerhead Sea Turtle       Caretta caretta *

Green Sea Turtle                     Chelonia mydas *

Hawksbill Sea Turtle                Eretmochleys imbricta *

Atlantic Ridley Sea Turtle                Lepidochelys kempli *

 

Chelydrdae:

Common Snapping Turtle       Chelydra serpentina

Alligator Snapping Turtle                Macrochelys temminckii *

 

Dermochelyidae:

Leatherback Sea Turtle                Dermochelys coriacea *

 

Emydidae:

Midland Painted Turtle                Chrysemys p. marginata

E. Painted Turtle                      Chrysemys p. picta

Spotted Turtle                          Clemmys guttata *

Chicken Turtle                         Deirochelys reticularia

Bog Turtle                                Glyptemys muhlenbergii *      

Barbour’s Map Turtle                Graptemys barbouri *

Alabama Map Turtle                Graptemys pulchra

Common Map Turtle                Graptemys geographica

Carolina Diamondback Terr.                Malaclemys t. centrata *

Eastern River Cooter                 Pseudemys c. concinna

Florida Cooter                          Pseudemys f. floridana

Hieroglyphic River Cooter                 Pseudemys c. hieroglyphica

Florida Redbelly Turtle                 Pseudemys nelsoni

Eastern Box Turtle                  Terrapene c. carolina

Three Toed Box Turtle                Terrapene c. triunguis

Slider                                       Trachemys scripta

Red Eared Slider                     Trachemys scripta **

 

Kinosternidae:

Striped Musk Turtle                 Kinosternon baurii

Eastern Mud Turtle                  Kinosternon subrubrum

Loggerhead Musk Turtle                 Sternotherus minor

Common Musk Turtle                Sternotherus odoratus

 

Testudinidae:

Gopher Tortoise                      Gopherus polyphemus *

 

Trionychidae:

Florida Softshell                      Apalone ferox

Spiny Softshell                        Apalone spinifera

 

*   Denotes A Protected Species

** Denotes An Introduced Species